In recent times, several research and development efforts have been made to exploit the potential of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in order to improve the efficiency of production agriculture and achieve sustainable development. Precision Agriculture employs emerging technologies such as ICT; geospatial technologies such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Remote Sensing (RS); Sensor Technologies and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). Precision Agriculture involves identification, analyses and management of spatial and temporal variability in soils and crops for profitability, sustainability and protection of the environment.

The Indian Society of Agricultural Information Technology (INSAIT) was registered in December 2000 in Dharwad, Karnataka for promoting ICT in agriculture sector. INSAIT is a member of the Asian Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture (AFITA), Tokyo, Japan. INSAIT had organized The first national conference on Agro Informatics in June 2001 at the University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka; The fifth International Conference of AFITA in November 2006 at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru; and the second national conference on Agro Informatics and Precision Farming in December 2009 at the University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka.

The third National Conference on Agro Informatics and Precision Agriculture (AIPA 2012), is held from 1–3 August, 2012 at the International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Hyderabad. AIPA 2012 was organized by INSAIT, Dharwad, Karnataka, in collaboration with IIIT, Hyderabad and the University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka. The numerous developments in the important areas of agro-informatics and precision farming relevant in the present agricultural scenario were deliberated in the conference. The conference was attended by scientists, extension agencies and agribusiness institutions engaged in promoting the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Precision Agriculture (PA) technologies. The following themes were included in the conference: ICT for agricultural research, education and extension; ICT for agricultural supply chain management and marketing; ICT for Natural Resource Management; Precision crop production; Precision crop protection; Precision horticulture; Precision livestock management; Precision forestry; Geospatial technologies in PA; Sensor technologies and wireless sensor networks in precision agriculture; and Internet of Things (IOT) applications in agriculture. AIPA 2012 has attracted 130 submissions for oral presentations. The technical committee has accepted only 56 papers for oral presentation and 20 papers as posters. The papers presented in this conference are included in this publication. The publication would serve as a useful reference for all those interested in ICT and PA technologies in agriculture.

We are delighted to feature four keynote talks in the conference from Prof Rajiv Khosla (Professor of Precision Agriculture and Extension Specialist, President—International Society of Precision Agriculture, Colorado State University, USA), Professor Kamal Alameh (Director of the Electron Science Research Institute, Edith Cowan University, Australia), Dr. V.K. Dhadwal, (Director, National Remote Sensing Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), INDIA), and Prof Dr. Nick Sigrimis (Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Greece).

We are grateful for the support and generosity of a large number of people and organizations. Indian Society of Agricultural Information Technology (INSAIT) took the initiative of organizing the conference and extended all the necessary guidance and support. Both International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad (IIIT-H) and University of Agricultural Sciences Raichur (UASR) have come together to support and organize the conference. University of Agricultural Sciences Raichur (UASR), Department of Science and Technology, Indian Space Research Organization, and Andhra Pradesh Council of Science and Technology provided financial support to the conference. We thank Prof. Rajeev Sangal, Director, IIIT Hyderabad, for hosting the conference.

The members of the organizing committee of AIPA 2012 have worked extremely hard to make this conference a success. We especially thank K.V. Seetha, K. Vijay Sekhar and Tripura Priya for their hardwork. Ravi Kiran and Gowtham Sreenivas have developed and maintained the website. Maj Gen (Red.) Dr R.K. Bagga, AVSM, local arrangements chair, has provided the crucial advice which has helped in planning and executing the conference related tasks in a timely manner. S.L.N. Shastry, Mr Ramana, K. Sreenivas, Bhaskar Prasad, Guru Prasad and Jaya Prakash have helped in making the required infrastructure and system arrangements. We thank the staff at "IT for Agriculture and Rural Development Research Center" at IIIT Hyderabad for all the help and support. We thank Mr K.C.M. Shastry and P. Veda, IIIT Hyderabad, for providing support to manage finances.

We thank honorary chairs for obliging and bringing greater visibility and credibility to the conference. The members of the advisory committee provided the crucial support. The members of technical committee helped in reviewing the papers.

Finally, we thank all the authors who worked hard to write quality research papers and met the stringent deadlines.

Allied Publishers have done a great job in producing the conference proceedings. We thank them for their efforts.


P. Krishna Reddy, IIIT Hyderabad, India

V.C. Patil, Precision Agriculture Research Chair, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

A.R. Alagawadi, UAS, Dharwad, India

Leisa Armstrong, Edith Cowan University, Australia

B. Bhaskar Reddy, IIIT Hyderabad, India

D.P. Biradar, UAS, Dharwad, India

August 1, 2012